What is Headache and Migraine?

Headache is a common medical condition characterized by pain in the head or upper neck area.

It can be caused by various factors, including stress, tension, sinus problems, dehydration, or even underlying health issues.



Migraine, on the other hand, is a specific type of headache characterized by severe throbbing pain, often on one side of the head.


Migraines are a specific type of headache often accompanied by additional symptoms like sensitivity to light and sound.

Migraines can also be accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound, and visual disturbances.

Both headaches and migraines can significantly impact a person’s daily life and require proper management and treatment.

If you or someone you know experiences frequent or severe headaches or migraines, it’s essential to seek medical advice to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate care.


If you or someone you know experiences frequent or severe headaches or migraines, it’s essential to seek medical advice to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate care. 

Uncommon Causes Of Headache

Several times people get familiar with some ideas either right or wrong as the cause of headaches and migraines, the fact is that both of them are symptoms   of a particular illness.

While headaches and migraines can have various causes, some fewer common factors contributing to these conditions include:

  • Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMJ): Problems with the jaw joint can lead to headaches and migraines. Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMJD) or (TMD) refers to a group of conditions that cause pain and dysfunction in the jaw joint and the muscles that control jaw movement.

It can result from various factors like jaw injury, arthritis, teeth grinding, stress, or misalignment of the jaw. Treatment options may include pain management, physical therapy, dental appliances, and in severe cases, surgery. If you suspect you have TMJ disorder, it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan.

  • Cervicogenic headaches: These headaches originate from issues in the neck or cervical spine.  These headaches typically cause pain on one side of the head and are often described as dull or aching.                                                                       

They can be triggered or worsened by neck movements, poor posture, or certain activities. If you suspect you have cervicogenic headaches, it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and management.

  • Medication overuse: Frequent use of certain medications, like painkillers or triptans, can lead to rebound headaches. Medication overuse, also known as rebound headache occurs when a person excessively uses pain-relief medications for headaches.                                                                This can lead to a paradoxical effect, where the medications that were initially used to treat headaches end up causing more frequent and severe headaches. It’s important to follow the recommended dosage and not exceed the prescribed limits to avoid this issue. If you suspect medication overuse, consult a healthcare professional for guidance and possible alternative treatment options.
  • Sleep disorders:

    Conditions like sleep apnea or insomnia may trigger headaches and migraines. Yes, sleep disorders can be a cause of headaches. Conditions like insomnia, sleep apnea, and irregular sleep patterns can lead to headaches due to disruptions in the sleep-wake cycle and inadequate rest.                                                                                                                                                                                                headache  Ensuring proper sleep hygiene and addressing any underlying sleep issues can help alleviate headaches caused by sleep disturbances. If you’re experiencing frequent headaches, it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional for a proper evaluation and appropriate management.

  • Brain tumors or aneurysms:

    Although rare, they can cause severe headaches, It is abnormal growths or masses that develop within the brain. They can be either benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Brain tumors can cause various symptoms depending on their location and size, such as headaches, seizures, changes in vision, or personality changes.                                                           headache and migraine

On the other hand, aneurysms are weak spots in the walls of blood vessels, including those in the brain. They can balloon out and become susceptible to rupture, leading to bleeding in the brain known as a subarachnoid hemorrhage. A ruptured aneurysm is a medical emergency and can cause severe headaches, loss of consciousness, or even death.

  • Hormonal imbalances:

    Certain hormonal fluctuations can be linked to migraines, especially in women. Hormonal imbalances  indeed is one of the causes of headaches, especially in certain conditions such as menstrual migraines or hormone-related disorders. Fluctuations in hormones like estrogen and progesterone can trigger headaches in some individuals.

It’s essential to monitor and manage hormonal imbalances through medical guidance and lifestyle adjustments if headaches are a recurrent problem. If you’re experiencing persistent headaches, consider consulting a healthcare professional for a proper evaluation and personalized treatment plan.

Pictures Credit:

NIH Record | https://nihrecord.nih.gov/2021/07/23/diet-changes-can-reduce-migraine-headaches

Very Well Mind | https://www.verywellmind.com/what-are-the-main-causes-of-stress-3145063

Richmond Dental | https://richmonddentalng.com/jaw-joint-disorders/

Beumaris Physiotherapy and Pylates | https://beaumarisphysiotherapy.com.au/cervicogenic-headaches/

BBC News Pidgin | https://www.bbc.com/pidgin/tori-48362841

The Guardian | https://guardian.ng/features/sleeplessness-does-not-cause-early-death/

TMI Medical | https://www.tourmyindia.com/medical-tourism/treatment/brain-tumor-treatment



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